Agricultural Science

Agricultural Science

ISSN: 2291-4471 (Print)    ISSN: 2291-448X (Online)

Volume 2 (2014), No. 4, Pages 1-13

DOI: 10.12735/as.v2i4p01

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Cocoa Production and Related Social-Economic and Climate Factors: A Case Study of Ayedire Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria

Adeniyi, O. R.1  Ogunsola, G.O.1 

1Department of Agricultural Economics, Bowen University, P.M.B. 284, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria

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Cocoa has been a major source of income for many Nigerians and a major source of foreign exchange earnings for the country. However its production has been experiencing a declining trend in recent times. Many factors have been implicated. One major factor is changes in climate variables. This study therefore investigates into the socio-economic effects of some climate variables on cocoa production and aims at guiding policy makers in drawing policies that will mitigate the effect of these variables. The study was carried out in Ayedire Local Government Area (LGA) of Osun State. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire employing interview schedule. One hundred cocoa farmers registered with the state’s Cocoa Growers Association (CGA) were randomly selected from four major cocoa growing areas of the L.G.A. The data set was then analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression techniques. The study found that major climate variables affecting cocoa production were rainfall, sunshine and temperature. Other factors observed was ageing cocoa tree and the prevalence of pest infestation and disease emergence occurring as the result of climate variation thereby causing yield reduction as well as loss of income. In the short run, enactment and implementation of policies that can mitigate the adverse impact of climate variations can help to improve the yield of cocoa, thereby increasing the producers’ income and consequently boost their living standard. In the long run, conscientious efforts should be made to educate and train the minds of all towards safety and best practices for the prevention of climatic adversities.

Keywords: climate variations, cocoa, impacts, mitigation, mind training, climatic adversities

To Cite this Article: Adeniyi, O. R., & Ogunsola, G. O. (2014). Cocoa production and related social-economic and climate factors: A case study of Ayedire local government area of Osun State, Nigeria. Agricultural Science, 2(4), 1-13.

Copyright © Adeniyi, O. R. & Ogunsola, G.O.

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This article is published under license to Science and Education Centre of North America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Cocoa Production and Related Social-Economic and Climate Factors: A Case Study of Ayedire Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria