International Education Research

International Education Research

ISSN: 2291-5273 (Print)    ISSN: 2291-5281 (Online)

Volume 4 (2016), No. 1, Pages 14-36

DOI: 10.12735/ier.v4i1p14

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The Role of Calibration Bias and Performance Feedback in Achievement Goal Regulation

Krista R. Muis1  Philip H. Winne2  John Ranellucci3 

1Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Canada
2Faculty of Education, Simon Fraser University, Canada
3Department of Educational Psychology and Special Education, Michigan State University, USA


To Cite this Article     Article Views: 1166     Downloads: 645  Since deposited on 2016-04-06


Do achievement goals change across time in response to performance feedback? Does goal orientation relate to calibration of estimated to actual achievement? We studied these issues over three tasks spanning a semester-long course where ninety-nine undergraduates received feedback about performance on each task. Learners were consistently and quite substantially biased in estimating performance with bias inversely related to actual performance. Goal orientation was not stable across time as a function of task, and it varied in some tasks in relation to calibration accuracy. These findings demonstrate goal orientations are sensitive to task and feedback. Moreover, goal orientation had varying and sometimes no relation to achievement, with calibration bias mediating most of the relations. In an authentic setting where learners experience multiple tasks over time, it is important to consider individuals’ calibration bias for performance on specific tasks. Calibration bias may be a key factor in learners’ regulation of achievement goals.

Keywords: achievement goal regulation, calibration, feedback, mastery goals, performance goals

To Cite this Article: Muis,K. R., Winne, P. H., & Ranellucci, J. (2016). The role of calibration bias and performance feedback in achievement goal regulation. International Education Research, 4(1), 14-36.

Copyright © Krista R. Muis et al.

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This article is published under license to Science and Education Centre of North America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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The Role of Calibration Bias and Performance Feedback in Achievement Goal Regulation