Journal of Environment and Sustainable Agriculture

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

SECNA is committed to upholding the high quality of scientific publications and ensuring that decisions on publishing articles in SECNA's journals are made based on appropriate process of double-blind peer review, and are not influenced any financial matter (e.g. publication fee), affiliation to any organization or any other conditions. Therefore, to ensure integrity in our scholarly publishing, all related parties - editorial board, reviewers, authors and publisher - are required to follow the ethical standards in performing their respective roles.
SECNA's publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is mainly based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers (Committee on Publication Ethics[COPE], 2011).


SECNA is committed to:

  • Maintaining the editorial independence of journal editors
  • Supporting journal editors to run their journals ethically and transparently
  • Maintaining an accurate and transparent academic record, including publishing corrections and retractions when necessary


All authors are expected to adhere to the following guidelines when submitting to a SECNA's journal:

  • The article represents the authors’ own original work
  • The article is not being considered or reviewed by any other publication
  • Where material is taken from other sources (including their own published writing) the source is clearly cited and that where appropriate permission is obtained
  • The article contains no libellous, defamatory or unlawful statements, and does not infringe on any rights of others, including privacy rights and intellectual property rights
  • Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion, should only be used and reported with written permission from the source and acknowledged as a personal communication
  • Their data is true and not manipulated
  • Authors are required to include a statement of responsibility in the manuscript that specifies the contribution of every author if they have contributed equally to the work


Duties of reviewers:

  • Reviewers must maintain the confidentiality of the review process
  • Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper
  • Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process
  • Reviews should be conducted objectively, fairly and impartially
  • Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge
  • Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers

Editorial Board

Responsibilities of editorial board:

  • Editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal after undergoing peer review should be published. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also be considered
  • Editors must evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy
  • Editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate
  • Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author's explicit written consent
  • Editors maintain and promote consistent ethical policies for their journals
  • Editors work with authors, reviewers, and Editorial Board members as necessary to ensure they are sufficiently advised regarding their journals’ ethics and publishing policies and that the journal’s stewardship on ethical matters is fair, unbiased, and timely


Authors should ensure that they clearly cite, reference and acknowledge all instances where they have used or been influenced by the work of others, including their own previously published articles and research material. Self plagiarism, especially where the copyright of the published article has been assigned to a publisher, learned society or other third party, is as serious as plagiarism of others, and must be avoided. All sources must be disclosed.
All journals published by SECNA are committed to publishing only original material that has neither been published elsewhere, nor is under review elsewhere. SECNA as a participant of CrossCheck uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions.

Duplicate publication

Manuscripts that are found to have been published elsewhere, or to be under review elsewhere, will incur duplicate submission/publication sanctions.
If an author of a submission is re-using a figure or figures published elsewhere, or that is copyrighted, the author must provide documentation that the previous publisher or copyright holder has given permission for the figure to be re-published. The SECNA journal editors consider all material in good faith that their journals have full permission to publish every part of the submitted material, including illustrations.

Citation Manipulation

Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.

Data Fabrication and Falsification

Submitted manuscripts that are found to have either fabricated or falsified experimental results, including the manipulation of images, will incur data fabrication and falsification sanctions.


Notices of retraction should be published promptly when errors could affect the interpretation of data or information (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error), or if work is proven to be fraudulent or unreliable, or in other cases of serious ethical misconduct (for example, duplicate or redundant publication, failure of all authors to agree to publication, data fabrication, or plagiarism).


In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal published by SECNA, the following sanctions will be applied:

  • Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript
  • Immediately retracting a publication if it had been published in a journal.
  • Prohibition against all of these authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal published by SECNA


Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from

Hindawi Publication Ethics. (n.d.). Retrieved from

SAGE. (n.d.).