Journal of Finance and Economics

Journal of Finance and Economics

ISSN: 2291-4951 (Print)    ISSN: 2291-496X (Online)

Volume 1 (2013), No. 1, Pages 27-41

DOI: 10.12735/jfe.v1i1p27

Download Full Text:

The Effects of English Proficiency on Earnings of U.S. Foreign-Born Immigrants: Does Gender Matter?

Ying Zhen1 

1Department of Business and Economics, Wesleyan College, Macon, Georgia, U.S.A.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.12735/jfe.v1i1p27Citations: 9 (Details)

To Cite this Article     Article Views: 624     Downloads: 412  Since January, 2015

Abstract

This paper compares the effects of English proficiency on foreign-born male and female immigrants in the U.S. by using data from the 2001 American Community Survey. The analysis demonstrates the importance of English proficiency on earnings for foreign-born immigrants. The results indicate that male immigrants suffer increasing penalties with decreasing levels of English proficiency. However, female immigrants who speak intermediate English suffer the greatest earnings penalty. Moreover, male immigrants may benefit more from well-spoken English than female immigrants. The Quantile Regression approach is adopted to examine the effects of English proficiency’s effects across the entire earnings distribution. The relative importance of English proficiency is greater at the upper tier of the earnings distribution for immigrants as a whole. A similar pattern remains for both gender groups, although slight differences exist for either group.

JEL Classifications: J15, J24

Keywords: English proficiency, earnings, foreign-born, immigrants, gender, United States

To Cite this Article: Zhen, Y. (2013). The Effects of English Proficiency on Earnings of U.S. Foreig-Born Immigrants: Does Gender Matter? Journal of Finance and Economics, 1(1), 27-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.12735/jfe.v1i1p27

Copyright © Ying Zhen

Creative Commons License
This article is published under license to Science and Education Centre of North America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'todayscience.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

The Effects of English Proficiency on Earnings of U.S. Foreign-Born Immigrants: Does Gender Matter?
reviwers